Sleep Disorders What you should know about sleep disorder symptoms, causes, and treatment. Sleep problems, including snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia, sleep deprivation, and restless legs syndrome, are common. Whether you have occasional trouble sleeping or you're living with a sleep disorder, you can get quality sleep and learn to better manage your condition. We all feel tired sometimes, but roughly 20 percent of the population can be classified as having Excessive Sleepiness (sometimes referred to as Excessive.
These schedules force you to work when your body is telling you to go to sleep, and sleep when your body is signaling you to wake. While some people adjust better than others to the demands of shift work, most shift workers get less quality sleep than their daytime counterparts. As a result of sleep deprivation, you may struggle with sleepiness and mental lethargy on the job. This cuts into your productivity and puts you at risk of injury.
Delayed sleep phase disorder is a condition where your biological clock is significantly delayed. As a result, you go to sleep and wake up much later than other people. This is more than just a preference for staying up late or being a night owl, but rather a disorder that makes it difficult for you to keep normal hours—to make it to morning classes, get the kids to school on time, or keep a 9-to-5 job.
Jet lag is a temporary disruption in circadian rhythms that occurs when you travel across time zones. Symptoms include daytime sleepiness, fatigue, headaches, stomach problems, and insomnia. Symptoms are more pronounced the longer the flight and flying east tends to cause worse jet lag than flying west.
In general, it usually takes one day per time zone crossed to adjust to the local time. So, if you flew from Los Angeles to New York, crossing three time zones, your jet lag should be gone within three days. The first step to overcoming a sleep disorder or problem is identifying and carefully tracking your symptoms and sleep patterns. A sleep diary can pinpoint day and nighttime habits that may contribute to your problems at night.
Keeping a record of your sleep patterns and problems will also prove helpful if you eventually need to see a sleep doctor. After keeping the diary for a week, for example, you might notice that when you have more than one glass of wine in the evening, you wake up during the night. Improve your daytime habits. Regardless of your sleep problems, sticking to a consistent sleep schedule, getting regular exercise, limiting your intake of caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine, and managing stress will translate into better sleep over the long term.
Develop a relaxing bedtime routine to prepare your mind and body for sleep. Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cool, avoid heavy meals and too many fluids late at night, take a warm bath, read, or listen to soothing music to unwind, and turn off screens at least one hour before bedtime.
Get back to sleep when you wake up at night. Provide your doctor with as much supporting information as possible, including information from your sleep diary. A specialist will observe your sleep patterns, brain waves, heart rate, rapid eye movements and more using monitoring devices attached to your body. While sleeping with a bunch of wires attached to you might seem difficult, most patients find they get used to it quickly.
The sleep specialist will then design a treatment program if necessary. A sleep center can also provide you with equipment to monitor your activities awake and asleep at home. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. In the UK , find sleep clinics, centres, and specialists. In Canada , find a sleep clinic or treatment provider. In Australia , find a list of sleep clinics.
University of Michigan Health System. And having an anxiety disorder exacerbates the problem. Sleep disorders are characterized by abnormal sleep patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning.
Stress or anxiety can cause a serious night without sleep, as do a variety of other problems. Insomnia is the clinical term for people who have trouble falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, waking too early in the morning, or waking up feeling unrefreshed. Other common sleep disorders include sleep apnea loud snoring caused by an obstructed airway , sleepwalking, and narcolepsy falling asleep spontaneously.
Restless leg syndrome and bruxism grinding of the teeth while sleeping are conditions that also may contribute to sleep disorders. Anxiety causes sleeping problems, and new research suggests sleep deprivation can cause an anxiety disorder.
Research also shows that some form of sleep disruption is present in nearly all psychiatric disorders. Studies also show that people with chronic insomnia are at high risk of developing an anxiety disorder. The risks of inadequate sleep extend way beyond tiredness.
Sleeplessness can lead to poor performance at work or school, increased risk of injury, and health problems. In addition to anxiety and mood disorders, those with sleep disorders are risk for heart disease, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and obesity.
If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, visit a primary care physician, mental health professional, or sleep disorders clinic. Treatment options include sleep medicine and cognitive-behavior therapy , which teaches how to identify and modify behaviors that perpetuate sleeping problems. Treatment options for an anxiety disorder also include cognitive-behavior therapy, as well as relaxation techniques, and medication.
Your doctor or therapist may recommend one or a combination of these treatments. Learn more about treatment options. Find a Therapist who treats anxiety disorders. Find a sleep disorders clinic. ADAA is not a direct service organization. ADAA does not provide psychiatric, psychological, or medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. For the Public For Professionals. Breadcrumb Understand the Facts. Anxiety Disorder or Sleep Disorder: Health Risks The risks of inadequate sleep extend way beyond tiredness.
Treatment If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, visit a primary care physician, mental health professional, or sleep disorders clinic. Reduce Anxiety, Sleep Soundly To reduce anxiety and stress: Focus on your breath — breathe in and out slowly and deeply — and visualize a serene environment such as a deserted beach or grassy hill. Regular exercise is good for your physical and mental health.
It provides an outlet for frustrations and releases mood-enhancing endorphins. Yoga can be particularly effective at reducing anxiety and stress.
Sleep Disorders and Problems
Dec 20, Sleep disorders – Find out more about common sleep disorders like insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome and narcolepsy. Getting a good sleep is vital to your health, but many Americans don't get enough . Learn about sleep disorders, treatments, and good sleep habits. Insomnias This type of sleep disorder involves the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. MORE>>Hypersomnias Hypersomnias are a group of sleep disorders.