a symptom of Alzheimer's or another dementia – learn the 10 early signs and what They may have difficulty concentrating and take much longer to do things . Alzheimer's information – learn about signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, risks and younger-onset Alzheimer's disease (also known as early-onset Alzheimer's). slowed thinking and occasional problems with remembering certain things. However, someone in the early stages of dementia will be fairly independent and should be able to do most things with a little help, or perhaps a little differently.
First: What Disease? Alzheimer’s Things First is
Plan for a time when you will not be able to work. Mood changes, depression Keep physically active. Acknowledge and share your thoughts and feelings with someone you trust. Try meditation or other stress-reduction techniques. See your doctor, if needed, and take medications as prescribed. Do things that bring you pleasure and meaning. Take one day at a time. Mild co-ordination problems Use safety features like handrails and grab bars. Remove items that may cause tripping hazards.
Get help with tasks. Focus on activities that you can manage and enjoy. Difficulty making decisions Ask for help from family and friends, if appropriate.
Ask for professional help, from lawyers, social workers, etc. Consider sharing your diagnosis with others who can help You may feel that you want to keep your diagnosis confidential, to yourself. Focus on what you can do You are still the same person. Maintain a healthy lifestyle Making healthy lifestyle choices can help you feel better, may help slow the progression of the disease and improve your ability to cope with the changes you are experiencing.
Staying socially connected Choosing healthy food Being physically active Reducing stress Avoiding head injuries Avoiding harmful habits such as smoking Meeting regularly with your doctor for checkups and to explore treatment options Getting enough sleep 4.
Give your brain a work out Studies have shown that mental stimulation—making yourself think—improves brain activity. Plan for the future There are many decisions you will have to make while living with Alzheimer's disease.
Financial, legal and care matters: Let others know how you would like your financial, legal and care matters to be handled when you are no longer able to make decisions for yourself. Discuss these wishes with your family.
Appoint someone who will take care of your financial and legal matters. Appoint someone to be your substitute decision-maker for the issues of your future care, such as where you would prefer to live, the kinds of medical interventions you would want, etc.
Your local Alzheimer Society can advise you on what issues will need to be addressed and the kinds of professionals who can help you with them. Some suggestions to keep this arrangement as long as possible include: Arranging housekeeping, meal preparation, transportation and bank-at-home services. Arranging closets, drawers, etc.
Leaving a set of house keys with a trusted neighbour. Using electrical appliances that shut off automatically. Using labels, notes and alarms as reminders. Keeping only one diary or calendar for all appointments and always keeping it in the same place.
Asking for and accepting help when you need it. Help and support from the Alzheimer Society Living with Alzheimer's disease at any stage can be very challenging. I am worried I may have dementia Learn more about dementia and when to talk to your doctor. Risk factors Myths and realities See your doctor Find help near you recently diagnosed Being diagnosed with dementia can be overwhelming.
Learn what you can do. Learn how to help while taking care of you. Learn more Risk factors Brain health Genetics Find help near you. Also, although we make every effort to keep the medical information on our website updated, we cannot guarantee that the posted information reflects the most up-to-date research.
These articles do not imply an endorsement of BrightFocus by the author or their institution, nor do they imply an endorsement of the institution or author by BrightFocus. Learn about the relationship between depression and dementia, and about potential treatment options for depression.
We examine how they may impact the course of the disease. BrightFocus-funded Alzheimer's research has resulted in two Nobel Prizes, providing life-changing advancements for people living with this disease. BrightFocus makes innovative science possible around the world— 1, research projects involving more than 4, scientists in 22 countries.
The first few weeks after a diagnosis can be overwhelming, and leave you with many questions and concerns. If you are managing a new diagnosis, we have a Getting Started Guide that will help you understand and manage your disease. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email.
How Are the Surroundings? Now, Get Started As you think about what kinds of activities, consider first those he is familiar with, or those that at one time provided special meaning for him. Keep the activity simple — activities with just steps are best.
Mistakes will happen — stay calm and ignore them. In the end, they do not matter. Trial and error will be needed. Evaluate, learn and revise: A life-long reader may eventually enjoy being read to, and then progress to just looking at the pictures. A love of gardening may go from gardening, to cutting flowers, to weeding, to watering plants, to watching squirrels.
A regular round of golf, or a weekly night of bowling may progress to walking only. Playing music or singing may progress to listening to music only. A variation of the gene, APOE e4, increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease, but not everyone with this variation of the gene develops the disease.
Scientists have identified rare changes mutations in three genes that virtually guarantee a person who inherits one of them will develop Alzheimer's. But these mutations account for less than 1 percent of people with Alzheimer's disease. Many people with Down syndrome develop Alzheimer's disease. This is likely related to having three copies of chromosome 21 — and subsequently three copies of the gene for the protein that leads to the creation of beta-amyloid.
Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's tend to appear 10 to 20 years earlier in people with Down syndrome than they do for the general population. There appears to be little difference in risk between men and women, but, overall, there are more women with the disease because they generally live longer than men. Mild cognitive impairment MCI is a decline in memory or other thinking skills that is greater than what would be expected for a person's age, but the decline doesn't prevent a person from functioning in social or work environments.
People who have MCI have a significant risk of developing dementia. When the primary MCI deficit is memory, the condition is more likely to progress to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease. A diagnosis of MCI enables the person to focus on healthy lifestyle changes, develop strategies to compensate for memory loss and schedule regular doctor appointments to monitor symptoms. Research has shown that poor sleep patterns, such as difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, are associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Research has shown that the same risk factors associated with heart disease may also increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease. These factors can all be modified. Therefore, changing lifestyle habits can to some degree alter your risk. For example, regular exercise and a healthy low-fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables are associated with a decreased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Studies have found an association between lifelong involvement in mentally and socially stimulating activities and a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease.
Low education levels — less than a high school education — appear to be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Memory and language loss, impaired judgment, and other cognitive changes caused by Alzheimer's can complicate treatment for other health conditions. A person with Alzheimer's disease may not be able to:. As Alzheimer's disease progresses to its last stages, brain changes begin to affect physical functions, such as swallowing, balance, and bowel and bladder control.
These effects can increase vulnerability to additional health problems such as:. Alzheimer's disease is not a preventable condition.
However, a number of lifestyle risk factors for Alzheimer's can be modified. Evidence suggests that changes in diet, exercise and habits — steps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease — may also lower your risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and other disorders that cause dementia. Heart-healthy lifestyle choices that may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's include the following:.
Studies have shown that preserved thinking skills later in life and a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease are associated with participating in social events, reading, dancing, playing board games, creating art, playing an instrument, and other activities that require mental and social engagement. Alzheimer's disease care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.
This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder that causes brain cells to waste away degenerate and die. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. References Daroff RB, et al. Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. Alzheimer's disease fact sheet.
National Institute on Aging. Wolk DA, et al. Clincal features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Keene CD, et al. Epidemiology, pathology, and pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.
Albert MS, et al. The diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease: Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association workgroups on diagnostic guidelines for Alzheimer's disease.
How Alzheimer’s Evolves From Early to Late Stages
If signs seem to be there, the first thing to do is contact a primary care The first early sign of Alzheimer's disease is memory loss and an. 4 days ago What is Alzheimer's disease, what causes it, what are the symptoms, and In most people with Alzheimer's, symptoms first appear in their mids. They may be unable to learn new things, carry out multistep tasks such as. As well as these conditions, other things, such as certain medicines, can also In the early stages, the main symptom of Alzheimer's disease is memory lapses.